How to do a Human Flag
Caliathletics fam! Welcome back and get ready for another awesome article! This time we are going to analyze in depth how to do a human flag.
THE HUMAN FLAG
Human flag is probably one of the coolest skills of Calisthenics because of its aesthetics, because it’s a nice example of strength and last but not least, is one of the skills where a lot of mobility and form are needed (as always).
In order to perform the human flag correctly without imbalances, since you are performing it in a whole new concept of space, you gotta work through different levels so to achieve it progressively.
Human flag together with the handstand and V-sit, are skills kinda “independent” from all the other main ones typical of Calisthenics.
To achieve them indeed, you can work your way through in separate sessions not included in your daily workouts; if for instance you are training on Monday/Wednesday/Friday, on Tuesday and Thursday you can consider including a whole separate session for Handstand and Human Flag for instance.
PRIMARY REQUIREMENTS: STRENGTH, FLEXIBILITY, MOBILITY
For sure, we can enlist three main elements that are representing the very primal requirements of the human flag, and so the ones on whose you have to work on:
STRENGTH: the first thing to focus on is the strength that the human flag requires in order to be able to elevate on a side your body.
Here for strength we mean the one that comes from your lats, shoulders and core
FLEXIBILITY: in order to perform correctly a human flag, you must be flexible in your shoulders since the final form implies to form a straight line after elevating your body on a side
MOBILITY: increasing shoulder’s ROM is for sure another goal to achieve in order to facilitate the whole learning process of the human flag.
The wider the ROM, the better and easier each exercise gets.
For these two lasts requirements, I can suggest you to start working on your shoulders mobility by using a stick or broomstick and combining it with exercises that are helping to stretch and so to increase their flexibility as well.
Since there are many exercises deputed to do so and since it’s fundamental to show each one of them in their execution so that you can learn and carry them with you no matter where you are; we are going to cover everything more in depth in a whole new dedicated program available soon on our website.
BASIC EXERCISES YOU HAVE TO MASTER
Because of these features, the basic exercises you have to start working on, that can lead you to perform a human flag without causing injuries in your shoulders are as follows:
- Pull-ups in all main variations: worthless saying that, to master the human flag, performing all possible main variations of pull-ups is a must since the main force that allows the body to elevate comes indeed from the lats.
Being a very intense lever to perform, which requires the best awareness of where your body has to be once elevated, you gotta have the proper levels of strength in your lats to keep the whole body in that lever
- Push-ups in all main variations: same principle like above, works for all possible variations of push-ups so to provide specifically shoulders with the necessary strength needed to perform all the presses variations that will take you to the final form of the human flag.
Of course, handstand push-ups as well as planche push-ups, are the ones mostly indicated, talking of effectiveness in increasing the strength
- 1 minute at least of side plank (each side): basic hold that stresses much more the obliques, so to give you a very first feeling about how to keep the hollow while being on a side with your body and not anymore in line with the ground (see hollow body hold).
To perform this exercise you can start on your elbows and, a bit more advanced, on straight arms with straddle legs
- 1 minute at least of elevated side plank (each side): this is a bit more advanced version of the previous exercise that is performed with feet placed on a higher surface so to form a perfect line with body parallel to the ground while holding the plank keeping your core always tight.
Also in this case, it can be executed on the elbows per each side and, in a more advanced way, with straight arms, but with legs together (not in straddle position as before)
- 1 minute at least of front and side support press: support press is another fundamental basic of human flag that is necessary to master in order to achieve the lever hold once going up with leg.
To do so, you should firstly be very careful to the position of your wrists, elbows and shoulders while approaching this type of hold.
Being this one, the very first exercise typical of the human flag, it is highly recommended to approach it together with all the others we are going to analyze below, firstly on a stall bar rather than on a pole.
The main reasons are:
- wrists that will be in a neutral position compared to the pole where instead you will have an overhand grip (upper side) and underhand grip (lower side)
- a higher level of strength in your shoulders is required, in order to execute the presses and hold the different positions since there’s a lot less stability using the pole
- It’s easier to keep elbows locked in and arms straight on a stall bar while holding whichever progression you’re working on
When approaching these two very first types of human flag holds, the fundamental features (as we have just mentioned above) to pay attention to, are the position of your elbows, arms and shoulders:
- Elbows must always be locked in and not out!
- Arms must always be straight and not bent!
- Shoulders always depressed and not compressed!
They must provide a solid form to your upper body and both hands must be in line one another as well!
Of course, it is also important to emphasize fact that, before getting into whichever hold or dynamic exercise explained here, it’s implied that the arm that is at the lower side starts from a slightly bent position.
In this way, it’ll be able to help the shoulder and lat to push up the upper body and help as well, to the opposite side, the upper arm which pulls and holds the human flag.
If you bend instead the upper arm, while holding the human flag in whichever progression you’re working on, this is a very incorrect/bad form! Avoid it since the beginning!
Another mistake is, if you place for instance, the upper hand in a point and the lower one in another while using a stall bar, noticing that they’re not in line; this will cause, once executing the press, an asymmetry and so the chances to injure shoulders and wrists.
To avoid that, always check firstly the position of your wrists/hands and then make sure to lock your elbows in so to keep arms always straight!
- Front to side support press: as a variation of the previous exercise, you can also consider working on the transition from the front support press to the side one.
In this way, you provide mainly shoulders and lats, with a whole new motor pattern so to give a new stimulus to the CNS.
Just make sure to keep always arms straight, hence before starting the transition as well as after when you get back into the front press hold.
Target could be to be able to perform at least 3-5 sets of 6-8 reps
After mastering correctly each one of the exercises enlisted above, you can proceed with the next list that shows which are the ones we can consider intermediate-advanced in terms of difficulty of execution:
- Inverse block hold on a stall bar: this type of exercise is quite weird the very first times, since it requires having a very good awareness of the space, hence a big proprioceptive challenge for your CNS.
Why?! Because in order to hold this position, you must firstly face the stall bar so to grab it with both hands.
In order to push yourself upside down you have to perform a kick with one leg, usually the one not in line with the arms since the other one touches the ground.
While doing that, you have to rotate your hips up while flexing the legs towards your chest, so to have a solid hold while pointing your body in direction of the ceiling.
Arms are straight with elbows locked in and core tight; the goal is to hold the position for at least 15/20” in this first form and then, in the more advanced one, which sees legs fully extending towards the ceiling so to have another first approach to the human flag hold needing now to keep the full hollow body
- Leg extensions from inverse block hold: you can also consider, while holding the previous position explained, to perform the exercise in a bit more dynamic way, hence with legs initially gathered to your chest and then fully extended, so to perform these two phases for repetitions
The target here could be to perform at least 3-5 sets of 6-8 reps
- Human flag pulls: in this exercise, the goal is to be able to lower your body for repetitions, starting from an inverse block hold, down to at least a 45° angle or even more and then come all the way up with your legs emphasizing the pulling movement of the upper lat.
In order to do so, is up to you choosing which progression of the human flag to use, hence tuck, advanced tuck, one leg, straddle, half-lay or full form so to keep always a good hollow body and arms straight with elbows locked in.
Target in this case is between 3-5 sets of at least 6-8 reps
- Human flag slow drops: a little variation of the previous exercise sees the body lowering again to a 45° angle or more progressively and holding that position for some seconds before pulling all the way up again the body to the inverse block hold.
Here the target would be around 3-5 sets of 10-15” each slow drop
- Human flag eccentrics: another very effective type of progression are for sure the negatives, hence working on the eccentric movement of the skill.
In this case, starting always from the inverse block hold on a stall bar, the goal is to be able to lower your legs and, this time, let the body reach the ground side completely before coming all the way back to the initial position, in the slowest way possible and then repeat all over again.
Worthless saying that, also in this case, which level of difficulty to choose while performing the negatives is up to you, hence choosing among tuck, advanced tuck, one leg, straddle, half-lay or full form is up to your actual strength without lacking of form.
The target here is about 3-5 sets and the total amount of seconds is up to you as well; I’d suggest at least 10-15” each negative.
- Human flag bursts: in order to vary the type of dynamic and isometric movements explained above, I wanna introduce you to this other very interesting exercise that provides you with more awareness of the space even if you are not yet able to hold a full human flag.
To perform human flag bursts you have to kick your legs up so to get into the typical full human flag hold for few seconds, before dropping down and repeat the whole movement again.
Here the very important elements to pay attention to are:
- The moment when you kick up where the leg that kicks goes up firstly and the other one follows simultaneously so to reach the full hold
- Getting immediately elbows locked in, shoulders depressed and arms straight once again, so to have a solid hold even if for just few seconds.
- Human flag pushes: opposite to the human flag pulls, are for sure the pushes.
To perform this exercise you have to get firstly into a front support press with shoulder depressed, elbows locked in and both arms this time already straight.
From the front support press, you have to push and rotate so to get into a side support press while holding the hollow body so to reach the full human flag at every repetition.
Target here could be 3-5 sets x 3-5 reps
Ok guys, I think the two lists above are enough to let you understand the concept that, it is not sufficient to be able to hang on a pole or a stall bar and try to perform a human flag having totally arched back and elbows bent.
You must always look at every single skill with a different approach that is:
How can I achieve a skill without getting injured on the way (or at least reducing drastically the chances that could happen)?!
Which would be the best steps/progressions to follow in order to achieve it having a good/perfect form?!